What are E-cigarettes?
E-cigarettes have many names, including e-cigs, electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS), and alternative nicotine delivery systems (ANDS). Also, e-shisha, e-hookah, mods, vape pens, vaporizers, vapes and tank systems.
Even though e-cigarettes do not contain any tobacco, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) classifies them as “tobacco” products.
Electronic cigarettes are available in many shapes and sizes. They can look like cigarettes, cigars, pipes, pens, USB flash drives, or may be in other forms.
Finally, the following information summarize how E-cigs operate:
E-cigs include a battery that turns the device on, a heating element that heats the e-liquid and turns it into a vapor, a cartridge or tank that holds the e-liquid, and a mouthpiece or opening used to inhale the vapor.
What is vaping?
The word “vaping” refers to inhaling the “vapor” of an e-cigarette.
Do e-cigs contain nicotine?
Based on the vaper preference, the e-liquid in e-Cigs may contain nicotine or may not. However, when there is nicotine, its levels / concentrations are variable and not the same in e-cigarettes, or e-liquids. Consequently, vapers shall refer to product labels.
What is in the e-cigarette vapor (aerosol) ?
The aerosol (e-cigarette vapor) that comes out of an e-cigarette -mainly- contains CO2 (carbon dioxide) and H2O (water vapor). Those two compounds are the result of the chemical reaction of the Glycerol or the propylene Glycol or both of them when exposed to heat.
Although, the term “e-cigarette vapor” may sound harmless, it may contain substances that are addictive (like nicotine). This is in addition to certain other ingredients that can cause diseases (When using a non pharmaceutical grade and approved tested components).
It is important to know that most ready-to-vape e-cigarettes contain nicotine. There is evidence that nicotine harms the brain development of teenagers. Also, if used during pregnancy, nicotine may also cause premature births and low birth-weight babies.
Besides nicotine, e-cigarettes vapor may contain traces of Propylene Glycol and Glycerin that did not transform completely into carbon dioxide and water vapor. As a matter of fact, these are substances to carry flavors fixers and to produce thick vapor. Unfortunately, it may cause lung and airway irritation after excessive exposure (especially Propylene Glycol).
In addition, e-cigarettes and e-liquids (When manufactured by none pharmaceutical expertise companies) may contain Volatile organic compounds. Those, at certain levels, can cause eye, nose and throat irritation, headaches and nausea. Also, some flavorings may contain a chemical called Diacetyl that cause a serious lung disease called Bronchiolitis Obliterans.
Finally, Formaldehyde is a cancer-causing substance that may form if an e-liquid overheats when using MODs and vaporizers with high wattage or voltage over 4.5V. Or else, when there is not enough e-liquid reaching the heating element.
What are the health effects of e-cigarettes?
E-cigarettes are still fairly new, and more research is needed over a longer period of time to know what the long-term effects may be.
While the possible long-term health effects of e-cigarettes aren’t yet clear, there have been some recent reports of lung disease in some people using vaping devices. Symptoms have included:
- Cough, trouble breathing, or chest pain
- Nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea
- Fatigue, fever, or weight loss
However, it’s not yet clear exactly how widespread these cases are, or if the e-cigarettes or certain devices are the real cause. There are a huge number of different vaping devices on the market, and an even larger number of different chemicals (in the form of e-juice), including ones that users sometimes add themselves. At this time, the main thing these cases have in common is that the people used e-cigarettes or other vaping devices with high concentrations of nicotine and mostly nicotine salt in POD systems. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and several state health departments are looking into these cases to try to figure out what else they might have in common.
Is e-cigarette use less harmful than smoking regular cigarettes?
Research has found that e-cigarette use is likely to be significantly less harmful for adults than smoking regular cigarettes.
This is mostly because e-cigarettes do not contain or burn tobacco. A process that produces an estimated 7,000 chemicals, including at least 70 chemicals that cause cancer.
e-Cigarette or Vaporizer Devices
An e-cigarette is a shorthand for an electronic cigarette, and also known as a vaporizer.
It is a battery operated device that emits a flavored vaporized solution called e-liquid (electronic liquid) without the known excessive chemicals and harmful components of the tobacco cigarette.
Moreover, the e-cigarette is considered a successful alternative for conventional smoking, for the reason; it imitates the tobacco cigarette smoke along with the act of smoking. Additionally, this vapor can be of zero nicotine content or of a certain dose of nicotine.
How e-Cig operates?
As a matter of fact, the electronic cigarette / e-Cig or vaporizer is a battery operated device that functions by sending an electric current to a metal coil attached to an e-liquid-soaked wicking material inside the liquid tank or cartridge.
Based on the resistance specification of the metal coil; the amount of heat shall be generated to convert the electronic liquid into vapor. This vapor is then puffed or inhaled from the device through its mouth piece.
How to categorize eCigarettes ?
eCigarettes / eVaporizers come in different shapes and sizes based on their capacity and flexibility. The major distinction between them is whether they are of a closed or open vaping system.
Closed system devices are called so, for the reason; all the parts included cannot be modified by the user. The battery has a fixed voltage. The coil has a certain resistance and is not rebuildable or replaceable, and the tank holding the e-liquid is most probably self-contained.
The only flexibility is that the user can change the whole tank including the coil with a new one as well as changing the liquids of different flavors and controlling the strength of nicotine (if applicable).
Open system devices, also known as APVs (Advanced personal vaporizers) or Mods (modification capable devices). They are called so, for the reason; most of the parts included can be modified and fully controlled by the user. Moreover, The battery has a variable voltage control. Also, The coil can be controlled digitally or manually by replacing or rebuilding the whole tank and/or the coil with different resistance readings. And -of course- the user can change e-liquids of different flavors and controls the strength of the nicotine (if applicable). In a nutshell, all the aspects of the open system devices can be changed to suit the user preferences.
Vaporizers /e-Cigarette devices generations
There are 4 recognized generations of vaporizers :
Two versions of e-vaping devices -that function by puffing without power button- were produced within the life-cycle of this generation:
1- A ready to use disposable cigarette-alike e-cig that resembles tobacco cigarette or cigar in size and shape where all components are sealed within the device itself, and has from 150 to 400 puffs count.
2- An easy to use closed system of replaceable cartridge and rechargeable battery cigarette or cigar-alike devices.
Compared to first generation devices, the second generation technology has produced a power-button puffing controlled devices.
These devices have a bit larger e-cig size and longer life rechargeable batteries. Also, a tank of bigger e-liquid reservoir that can be filled by the user.
There are certain releases of the second generation vaporizers that provide the user with a power level control in order to adjust the volume of produced vapor.
Moreover, a wide range of flavors and nicotine strengths’ e-liquids are offered in this generation –unlike 1st generation- for the reason; the user has a full control over the device.
Unsurpassed flexible and powerful vaporizers were introduced to the markets in this generation. The tank is larger, and the batteries are more powerful and longer lasting with different sizes and shapes.
Third generation devices are the best choice for the experienced users, for the reason; they can customize and control vaping from all aspects, such as, controlling the battery power settings and the type of coil and wicking materials. Also, operating more precisely the flow and the volume of the produced vapor.
In this generation, extra safety features were introduced and sophisticated digital displays were added, such as, volts, watts, ohms, and temperature control.
Moreover, the wicks’ burning sensation problem was solved by improving the device power management that resulted in better temperature control.
What is a battery capacity (mAh) ?
An Milli-amp Hour(mAh) is a unit for measuring electric power bled over time. Basically, mAh is commonly used to describe the total amount of energy a battery can store at one time. It’s the easiest way to distinguish the strength or capacity of a battery. The higher the mAh, the longer the battery will last.
What is a MOD ?
MOD devices or Mods (modification capable devices). Also, called APVs (Advanced personal vaporizers) are considered as third or fourth generation e-vaping devices. And, categorized under the open system e-cigarettes.
MODs can be customized to suit the user preferences. Also, all related major parts can be modified and fully controlled by the user.
Moreover, the battery has a variable voltage control. The coil can be controlled digitally or manually by replacing or rebuilding the whole tank and/or the coil with different resistance readings.
What is an atomizer ?
An atomizer is a main component of an e-vaporizer. It contains a small heating element that vaporizes e-liquid, and a wicking material that draws liquid onto the coil.
Along with a battery and e-liquid the atomizer is the main component of every personal vaporizer. Also, small length of resistance wire is coiled around the wicking material and connected to the integrated circuit, or in the case of mechanical devices, it is connected directly to the battery through either a 510, 808, or ego threaded connector. Moreover, when atomizer is activated, the resistance wire coil heats up and vaporizes the liquid, which is then inhaled by the user.
Furthermore, the electrical resistance of the coil, the voltage output of the device, the airflow, and the efficiency of the wick all affect the vapor coming from the electronic cigarette device. They also affect the vapor quantity or volume yielded.
Wicking materials vary from one atomizer to another. “Rebuildable” or “do it yourself” atomizers can use silica, cotton, rayon, porous ceramic, hemp, bamboo yarn, oxidized stainless steel mesh, and even wire rope cables as wicking materials.
Finally, Atomizers have three main generations:
- First: Cartomizers
- Second: Clearomizers
- Third: RBA’s (Rebuildable Atomizers)
What is a Clearomizer?
Clearomizers are the second generation of atomizers.
The Clearomizer was originated from the Cartomizer design. It contains the wicking material, an e-liquid chamber, and an atomizer coil within a single clear component. This allows the user to monitor the liquid level in the e-vaping / e-cigarette device.
Rebuildable Atomizer (RBA):
A Rebuildable Atomizer is an advanced third generation atomizer that allows users to assemble or “build” the wick and coil themselves instead of replacing them with off-the-shelf atomizer heads. Also, allow the user to build atomizers at any desired electrical resistance. RBA is divided into two main categories/ types of open system atomizers: RDA and RTA.
Rebuildable Dripping Atomizer
This type of atomizer has no tank in it. The electronic liquid is dripped directly on the wick through the RDA drip tip. The resistance capacity of its coil is higher than RTA’s. This is why, it comes with a sub ohm coil and operates at a high power to generate massive heat, which will yield a great amount of vapor.
Rebuildable Tank Atomizer
This type of atomizer has an e-liquid tank in it which can be filled with a certain volume of e-liquid before vaping. The coil can be rebuilt or replaced as a complete unit.
When it comes to puffing time, the RTA lasts longer than the RDA. On the contrary, the vapor produced by the RDA is way-far greater than the RTA.
RDA ::: Rebuildable Dripping Atomizer
RDA / RDAs are atomizers where the e-juice is dripped directly onto the coil and wick. The common nicotine strength of e-liquids used in RDA’s is 3 mg and 6 mg. Also, Liquids used in RDA’s tend to have more vegetable glycerin. They typically consist only of an atomizer building deck, commonly with three posts with holes drilled in them, which can accept one or more coils. The user needs to manually keep the atomizer wet by dripping liquid on the bare wick and coil assembly. Kanthal wire is commonly used in RDA’s in addition to nickel or titanium wire for temperature control. RDA’s heating coil can accept much more power than RTA’s, which lead to the difference of their atomization effect on the e-liquid. The RDA usually comes with a sub ohm coil and operates at a high power, which can generate massive amounts of heat instantaneously, and then vaporize a lot of e-liquid. While RTA is somewhat humble in this aspect.
RTA :::: Rebuildable Tank Atomizer
RTAs have a tank to hold liquid that is absorbed by the wick. They can hold up to 4ml of e-liquid. The tank can be either plastic, glass, or metal. One form of tank atomizers was the Genesis style atomizers that use ceramic wicks, stainless steel mesh or rope for wicking material.
The steel wick must be oxidized to prevent arcing of the coil. Another type is the Sub ohm tank. These tanks have rebuildabe or RBA kits. They can also use coilheads of 0.2ohm 0.4hom and 0.5ohm. These coilheads can have stainless steel coils.
Kanthal wire is commonly used in RTA’s in addition to nickel or titanium wire for temperature control. RTA coil has a small juice inlet, thus only vaporizing a small quantity of juice at a time, while the RDA allows you to add an e-liquid amount resulting in huge vapor. And sometimes, super huge vapor can also affect the flavor of e-liquid. That’s why many senior vapers choose RDA.
Electronic Liquid is the fluid used in electronic cigarettes to make a smoke-like vapor when heated by the coil.
No matter what is the type of the vaping device, the included empirical formulas of any given e-liquid are consisting of four main ingredients:
- Propylene Glycol
- Nicotine as an optional ingredient
For advanced pharmaceutical grade e-liquid manufacturers, any given e-liquid product may contain more than 8 ingredients. This is other than the multiple layers of added flavors, smoothing, thickening, sweetening, and bonding agents.
What is Glycerol ?
Glycerol is an organic chemical compound (also called glycerin or vegetable glycerin; when it is extracted from plants such as soybeans or palm).
It is an organic polyol (poly-alcohol) compound that has the chemical formula C3H8O3 and the IUPAC name Propane-1,2,3-triol.
Glycerin is a water soluble, non-toxic, colorless, odorless, and viscous liquid that has a sweet taste. It is widely used in the food and pharmaceutical industries.
Vegetable glycerin is a main component of the e-liquid products that are heated with atomizers when used in electronic cigarettes; to produce a thick silky vapor in order to deliver flavors and -optionally- nicotine.
What is Propylene Glycol?
Propylene Glycol. Also, called PG, is an organic diol (di-alcohol) compound that has the chemical formula C3H8O2 and the IUPAC name Propane-1,2-diol.
Only one oxygen atom lesser than glycerol as a chemical formula. While in fact, it has only 2 hydroxyl groups compared to 3 hydroxyl groups in glycerol.
PG is a water soluble, colorless, odorless, and viscous liquid. It has a contradictory mix between sweetness and bitterness in taste.
Compared to vegetable glycerin, the viscosity of PG is lesser, and is a main component of the e-liquid products. It turns into vapor when heated to produce a light (less thick) vapor with a bit harsher throat hit to the user. Propylene Glycol is more potent flavor carrier than glycerol.
What is Nicotine?
Nicotine, a strong parasympathomimetic [stimulates the parasympathetic nervous system] alkaloid [a nitrogen-containing organic chemical compound], that has the chemical formula C10H14N2. And the IUPAC name (S)-3-[1-Methylpyrrolidin-2-yl] pyridine.
It is made by the tobacco plant or produced synthetically.
Basically, Nicotine is an addictive substance that has powerful psychodynamic effects. This is such as euphoria, increased alertness, and a sense of relaxation.
Moreover, it has pharmacological effects including increased heart rate. And, increased heart stroke volume [the amount of blood ejected by the left ventricle in one contraction]. Also, increased oxygen consumption by the heart muscle, which makes it a concern for people with heart disease. (Caffeine is also not recommended for the same reason)
There is suggestive evidence that it can adversely affect fetal development. Consequently, pregnant women should avoid using it.
Nicotine in e-Cigarettes
Nicotine in e-cigarettes:
As a matter of fact, E-cigarettes were introduced to the market as a low-risk alternative to tobacco cigarette smoking. And, the reason; they do not contain the tobacco products` known harmful chemicals and carcinogenic components.
It’s all about the nicotine, and not all e-liquids have nicotine.
On the other hand, most of the e-cigarette users are either current or ex-tobacco smokers who need the effect of nicotine, and trying hard to bridge to a zero nicotine liquids by lowering its concentration over the time using a multiple phases’ withdrawal techniques.
However, For the reason no clinical trial -until now- has declared an accretive titrated doses of nicotine absorbed by the user body/blood stream per precise dragged volume of vapor per precise e-liquid strength of nicotine; We, Cigorette Inc, do not produce any liquid with a nicotine concentration higher than 1% (10mg/ml) except for CigoQuitTM (1 & 2) kits for heavy and regular smokers with a maximum concentration of 1.8% for the use in the first week of the kit consumption only.
It is worth mentioning that almost 25% of total sold e-liquids are of zero nicotine component and almost 40% are of 0.3% (3mg/ml) for the use with the 3rd and 4th generation devices.
E-Liquid Strength explained
E-Liquid strength is a shortcut expression for the nicotine concentration in a given electronic liquid/Juice. In the electronic cigarettes’ industry, the unit measurement of a nicotine strength contained in electronic liquid is:
(mg/ml) OR (mg/cc) OR %solution
Bearing in mind the following constant facts:
- 1 mL = 1 milliliter = (1/1000) of a liter = 1 CC = 1 Cubic Centimeter
- 1 mg = 1 milligram = (1/1000) of a gram
- 1% solution = 1000mg/100cc = 1000mg/100ml = 10mg/cc = 10mg/ml >> i.e. 1% = 10 X mg/ml
As a result:
- to convert from %solution to (mg/ml or mg/cc) you need to multiply by 10
- to convert from (mg/ml or mg/cc) to %solution you need to divide by 10
Examples of liquid strengths’ preparation:
Equivalence % Solution Using Absolute Nicotine
E-liquid Nicotine VS Tobacco Cigarette Nicotine
How much nicotine is contained in the E-Liquid you are inhaling?
The nicotine density listed for e-liquid is the number of milligrams of nicotine per milliliter in the E-Liquid.
That means a 10ml bottle of 6mg nicotine e-liquid would have 60mg of nicotine in it (6mg x 10ml). Likewise, a 30ml bottle of 6mg e-liquid would have 180mg of nicotine in it (6mg x 30ml).
When you refill your e-cartridges with e-liquid, you may need to know how much nicotine is contained in your refilling e-liquid.
There are approximately 20 drops of e-liquid per milliliter. So, using 6mg nicotine e-liquid once again as an example, there would be 0.3mg of nicotine per drop (6mg/20 drops). This is why, if you put three drops of e-liquid; that means you will be taking in 0.9mg of nicotine from the time you start vaping until you top it off again.
The amount and the feeling of the nicotine absorbed by the body when vaping depends on many factors. This is including the density of the nicotine in e-liquid, the volume of vapor produced by the e-Cig. Also, your vaping duration as well as frequency, and the way you inhale the vapor.
It is worth mentioning that the nicotine in any given e-liquid will never be absorbed completely by you as a vaper.
For instance, if you inhale 1 ml of E-Liquid which contains 6 mg of nicotine; that does not mean you will absorb all the 6 mg of nicotine. You may only absorb about 40-65% of the nicotine according to your personal smoking habit.
Although nicotine is highly addictive; no studies have shown nicotine to be a carcinogenic chemical compound. It is simply what tobacco cigarette smokers crave. However, the following cases should never consume nicotine:
- Those who have sensitivity to nicotine
- Pregnant ladies
- Breastfeeding ladies
- Those who have cardiovascular diseases or certain CNS diseases.
- Those who are taking medications that have drug-drug interaction with nicotine
If you have doubts about certain health condition you have; it is highly recommended that you consult a healthcare professional. This is before consuming any e-liquid with a nicotine component, regardless of how much low nicotine concentration it has.
When it comes to the comparison of an e-liquid nicotine vs tobacco cigarette nicotine, the question, “which e-liquid nicotine strength is equivalent to a particular kind of tobacco cigarette?” is popping up. In this regard, different brands of tobacco cigarettes vary in their nicotine content. Basically, nicotine constitutes approximately 0.6-3.0% of the dry weight of tobacco in a cigarette.
- Regular full flavor cigarettes: there is approximately 1.2mg of nicotine in each cigarette, or 24mg of nicotine per pack (1.2mg x 20 cigarettes).
- Light cigarettes: there is approximately 0.7mg of nicotine in each cigarette, or 14mg of nicotine per pack (0.7mg x 20 cigarettes).
- Ultra Light cigarettes: there is approximately 0.5mg of nicotine in each cigarette, or 10mg of nicotine per pack (0.5mg x 20 cigarettes).
E-liquid Nicotine VS Tobacco Cigarette Nicotine
Theoretically, in order to match a 20 regular full flavor tobacco cigarettes of 1.2mg nicotine per 1 cig with CigoretteTM medium e-liquid of 1% or 10mg/ml concentration; it would be equivalent to 2.4ml or 48 drops or 1.5 tanks of 1.6ml size Tankomizer if it happens and the 100% of nicotine is to be absorbed which is not fully true.
Practically, if we exercise the fact 40-65% of the inhaled vapor nicotine will only be absorbed. So, In order to match a 20 regular full flavor tobacco cigarettes of 1.2mg nicotine per 1 cig with CigoretteTM medium e-liquid of 1% or 10mg/ml concentration; it would be ranging between 3.7ml or 74 drops or 2.3 tanks of 1.6ml size Tankomizer if it happens and the 65% of nicotine is to be absorbed. And a maximum of 6ml or 120 drops or 3.7 tanks of 1.6ml size Tankomizer if it happens and only 40% of nicotine is to be absorbed.
E-Liquid Shelf Life
Unlike the expiration date printed on the electronic liquid bottle, whether it is one or two years, the E-liquid shelf life remains perfect for years to come if you store it in the right way.
Also, it can be vaped successfully up to 2 years and more.
On the other hand, it may loose from its shelf life and goes bad if exposed to harsh storing conditions. Such as, high temperature, long direct light exposure, and humidity triggered hydrolysis.
Does eLiquid go bad?
YES it does go bad; if you don’t consider the ideal storing conditions, such as, the appropriate temperature, low intensity light exposure, low humidity, and the airtight bottle capping.
E-liquid remains perfect for years if you store it in the right way. And, can be vaped successfully up to 2 years and more.
In order to achieve optimal storing conditions, you may consider the following:
- Temperature: Please store at or around the ambient room temperature (20-25°C)=(68-77°F) or below.
- Light: Please store in dark places or in low light exposure conditions to protect the ingredients contained inside the bottle from photo damage. As we all know, the sun’s light contains UV rays that are not only harmful to our skin but can change the components of different eliquid products as well.
- Humidity: In certain eliquid products, in order to avoid triggering the chemical breakdown of certain components due to reaction with water, it is strongly advisable that you store your e-liquid bottles in dry place, especially, in the unlikely event when you leave the led open or the bottle cap is not of an airtight type.
- Airtight bottles: For the same reasons mentioned in point-3, certain harsh conditions or exposure to fumes may affect the liquid if the liquid bottle cap is not of an airtight type.
- Never return an e-liquid from your tank or atomizer back to the original bottle or dropper.
Signs of an e-liquid gone bad
- Separation into layer(s)
- Change to a different color or getting extremely darker: e-liquid can get a little bit darker but it doesn’t mean it’s bad. It may still vape and taste great, but If you see an extreme change to the color, this can be one of the biggest indications that your e-liquid has gone bad.
- Change in viscosity (E juice gets less viscous and more watery): the viscosity or thickness of an e-liquid can vary depending on the type and blend of your product. However, turning into less viscous from its original state might be a sign it has gone bad.
- Change in taste or loosing flavor
Cigorette™ e-Liquid Safety Information
Only when there is nicotine content among the ingredients of a certain Cigorette™ e-liquid products. The following information and precautions should be taken into consideration:
– Harmful in contact with skin
– After contact with skin, wash immediately with soap and water
– Toxic if swallowed
– In the unlikely event that you feel unwell. Or experienced symptoms like nausea, vomiting, excessive salivation, abdominal pain, pallor, sweating, increase in blood pressure, tachycardia, ataxia, tremor, headache, dizziness, muscle fasciculation, and seizures. It is advisable that you immediately stop vaping and seek medical advice by consulting your physician.
– Toxic to aquatic organisms
– With due diligence to man and environment, please dispose safely any liquid residues and its container.
Cigorette™ e-Liquid Storage Instructions
– Close the bottle tightly after each and every use.
– Store flat in right-side-up position.
– Store at room temperature between (20-25°C) equivalent to (68-77°F).
– Avoid long exposure to direct light.
– Avoid high humidity.
– Do not freeze.
– Keep out of reach of children.
Cigorette™ e-Liquid Directions for use:
Tankomizers and Clearomizers:
- Refill with not less than 1-1.5 ml and not more than the maximum size printed on your tank.
- Let your e-cigarette / vaporizer stand and settle for one minute before use.
Depending on the size of the wick and the cartridge, please Refill by 3-6 drops.
RBA (RDA and RTA) directions for use:
Depending on the size of the RDA wick, Refill by 4-6 drops. And Depending on the size of the RTA tank and wick, please refill and not to exceed the maximum size printed on your tank.
CigoretteTM e-Liquid Ingredients
All Cigorette™ electronic liquids/juices are premium Canadian-made products of pharmaceutical grade ingredients.
Depending on the type, series, and flavor of the liquid, Cigorette™ e-liquid ingredients may contain:
- 1,2,3-Trihydroxy-propane (Glycerol USP).
- 1,2-Dihydroxypropane (Propylene glycol USP).
- (Ethyl Maltol USP)
- 3,7-dimethylocta-1,6-dien-3-ol (Linalool USP).
- artificial flavors and smoothening agents.
- other inactive ingredients and purified water
Most of Cigorette™ liquids are nicotine-free. And we should mention it on the packaging when there is certain low concentration of its e-liquid ingredients.
E-cigarette battery fires and explosions
Does E-cigarette battery catch fire or explode?
To answer this question we should understand that Lithium ion batteries are used in many products other than e-cigarettes. Such as, cell-phones, cameras, laptop computers, notebooks, iPads, iPods, etc. Lithium ion batteries have an in-common fact among all these devices, which is; they very rarely catch fire or explode.
Most of all, e-cigarettes are relatively a newly introduced technology to the markets. Also, the industry that makes the batteries for vaping devices is working hard to make them safer.
There is no doubt that there were certain limited incidences when e-cigarette batteries catch fire or explode. But in many times, these incidents were the result of improper charging, such as, using the wrong charger or adapter.
Also the improper storage, as in carrying the battery in a pocket with other metal objects. Moreover, it can be a result of over heating when it is left on the car dashboard in a hot day.
While, there is no reason to confine this problem to e-vaping devices; we still have to read the battery first time use manual and follow all related safety instructions.
What is the time needed to charge an e-cig battery?
As a matter of fact, the charging time differs from certain battery type and brand to another. But generally, It takes 3-4 hours to finish the charging.
When your e-cig has finished charging, the LED light on the charger will change color, usually to green. You need to be there to remove it from the charger as soon as possible. This is why, do should not leave you e-cig charging unattended.
Also, It’s important to charge your electronic cigarette battery in a safe location, away from sources of excessive heat and high humidity.
Additionally, you should always charge your batteries out of reach of children.
If you want to guarantee maximum safety, don’t charge your e-cig with anything other than the original charger from the manufacturer or the compatible one.
E-cigarette Vs Tobacco Cigarette
As a matter of fact, e-cigarettes aren’t a completely safe alternative to tobacco smoking. This is for the reason; no enough studies / clinical trials are providing a solid proof of such a fact. It may be declared as a very safe alternative in the near future.
Basically, most experts think they’re less dangerous than tobacco cigarettes.
Tobacco cigarette smoking kills almost half a million people a year in the United States. Also, Most of the harm comes from the thousands of chemicals that are burned and inhaled in the smoke. E-cigarettes don’t burn, so people aren’t as exposed to those toxins.
The worst critics of e-cigarettes would probably argue they’re two-thirds less dangerous. But from a practical view, they’re probably on the order of 80% to 85% less dangerous, at least.
Moreover, it is very clear that e-cigarettes has a non negotiable advantages over tobacco cigarettes that make them safer as alternative. From these advantages:
- Toxins associated with tobacco smoking
- Tobacco smoke smell
- environments friendly
- socially acceptable
- money saving
- Flavor Choices
Cigorette® Golden Membership Program
Cigorette Inc. Membership Card identifies the holder as a participant in Cigorette® Golden membership program.
Our membership program has two main categories:
- Retail customer member
- Reseller customer member
In both Categories, Cigorette® Membership Cards are only available to persons over the age of 19 years.
Being a gold member at Cigorette® program; will give you the advantage to access and utilize an exclusive multiple benefits made available to you, starting from prioritizing your orders’ fulfillment, and authorizing different layers of pre-identified percentages of discounts for you as retail or reseller customer, in addition to granting the retail customers -only- with reward points’ collection option if they decided to decline the discount option.
In order to become a gold member, and to receive your personalized magnetic membership card, the following should be fulfilled:
- You are Canadian or living in Canada
- You placed a Cigorette Inc in-store -onetime- order of the value being 100 CAD and above, or online store -onetime- order of the value being 120 CAD or above.
- A Cigorette Inc in-store simple form needs to be filled and signed or downloaded from the online store, filled, signed and emailed to email@example.com. In both scenarios, your membership card will be encoded and shipped to you at no cost on the very next day. Moreover, and in certain events when you are at a Cigorette Inc store with onsite management office, it’s more likely that you receive your card during your visit.
You may download the form by clicking on this link: [Cigorette Inc Application Form]
Merchant/ Reseller Customers
- You are a Canadian registered business
- You have an account at Cigorette Inc. (Please refer to “How We Work” for more info)
- You placed a Cigorette Inc in-store -only- order of the value being 3000CAD or above.
- A Cigorette Inc in-store merchant membership form needs to be filled and signed. Your company membership card will be encoded and most likely handed over to you within 15 minutes; otherwise, we will ship it to you at no cost on the very next day.
Retail Customers’ Membership discount benefits: (In-Store Only)
04% discount (for orders from 15 to 50 CAD)
06% discount (for orders from 51 to 100 CAD)
09% discount (for orders from 101 to 150 CAD)
10% discount (for orders above 150 CAD)
Retail Customers’ Membership discount benefits:(Online-Store Only)
Flat 10% discount (for orders above 120 CAD)
All you need to do; is to enter your membership card number in the coupon field upon checking out with your order.
Finally, please note that you are limited to 48 discounted online transactions per year. Which means -almost- 4 times a month or 1 time a week.
Merchants/Resellers Membership discount benefits: (In-Store Only)
14% discount (for orders from 500 to 1,000 CAD)
18% discount (for orders from 1,001 to 3,000 CAD)
22% discount (for orders from 3,001 to 5,000 CAD)
26% discount (for orders from 5,001 to 10,000 CAD)
29% discount (for orders above 10,000 CAD)
- Cigorette® membership cannot be used by anyone other than the individual or the company the card was issued to.
- By accepting and / or using Cigorette® membership card, the member accepts the terms and conditions governing its use. So, please refer to Cigorette Inc terms and conditions for full information.
- By accepting and / or using Cigorette® membership card, you understand that you will be the only liable party for all your purchases from Cigorette Inc. Such as, e-liquids, e-hardware products, and services. And this is based on your full awareness and knowledge of the products and services you are dealing with at Cigorette Inc. or, You already have consulted with a healthcare professional.
- Cigorette Inc reserves the right, at any time, to amend or terminate the benefits of the card holder.
- Cigorette® card is a property to Cigorette Inc. Therefore, it must be returned upon request.
- Cigorette Inc. reserves the right to refuse membership to any applicant.
Cigorette® Gift Card
There are 5 different Cigorette® Gift Cards. And this is based on their values in Canadian dollars
- GC25: 25 Dollars Gift-Card
- GC50: 50 Dollars Gift-Card
- GC75: 75 Dollars Gift-Card
- GC100: 100 Dollars Gift-Card
- GC150: 150 Dollars Gift-Card
Cigorette® gift cards have no expiration date and may be used only for purchases in Canada at Cigorette Inc corporate stores, and the online website that can be accessed by visiting www.cigorette.com or any of the following TLDS: (ca, us, eu, org, net, and info).
Cigorette Inc gift cards cannot be used for purchases at stores that may carry Cigorette® products and not a Cigorette Inc corporate or franchise stores.
Moreover, gift cards cannot be redeemed for cash (except where required by applicable law).
Cigorette Inc is not responsible for a lost or stolen gift card or for use without the card’s owner permission.
CAS Number (Chemical Abstract Service Number)
A CAS Number (Chemical Abstracts Service) is a Registry Number which is a unique identifier for a certain chemical element, substance, or compound regardless of how many names it has (IUPAC and other names).
Also, from a safety and inventory perspective, the CAS # is a great registry reference for indexed chemicals.
For instance, in year 2015, we know there were almost 101 million unique chemical substances indexed by CAS. In addition to 66 million protein and nucleic acid sequences.
Finally, it is worth mentioning that the Chemical Abstracts Service, is a division of the American Chemical Society.
You may click on this link for more information.
What is the FCC ?
The Food Chemicals Codex (FCC) is a compendium of internationally recognized standards for the identity, purity, and quality of food ingredients. It features over 1,200 monographs, including food-grade chemicals, processing aids, food ingredients (such as vegetable oils, fructose, whey, and amino acids), flavoring agents. Also, vitamins, and functional food ingredients (such as lycopene, olestra, and short chain fructo-oligo-saccharides).
USP (United States Pharmacopeia)
The United States Pharmacopeia (USP) is a Pharmacopeia (compendium of drug information) for the United states. It is published annually by the U.S.P. Convention, a nonprofit organization that owns the trademark and copyright.
The United States Pharmacopeia is published in a combined volume with the National Formulary as the USP-NF. Also, if a drug ingredient or drug product has an applicable U.S.P. quality standard (in the form of national formulary monograph), it must conform in order to use the designation “U.S.P.” or “NF.” Moreover, The drugs subject to U.S.P. standards include both human drugs as a prescription, OTC, or otherwise. as well as animal drugs.
Additionally, the united states pharmacopeia-NF standards have a role in U.S. federal law; a drug or drug ingredient with a name recognized in the pharmacopeia is deemed adulterated if it does not satisfy compendial standards for strength, quality or purity.
The united states pharmacopeia also sets standards for Food ingredients, flavors, additives, and dietary supplements as part of the Food Chemicals Codex
EP (European Pharmacopeia)
The European Pharmacopoeia [ EP ] is a major regional pharmacopoeia which provides common quality standards throughout the pharmaceutical industry in Europe.
This is to control the quality of medicines, and the substances used to manufacture them. Also, It is a published collection of monographs which describe both the individual and general quality standards for ingredients, dosage forms, and methods of analysis.
These standards apply to medicines for both human and veterinary use, in addition to human related industries such as food.
GMO (Genetically Modified Organism)
A GMO (genetically modified organism) is the result of a laboratory process where genes from the DNA of one species are extracted and artificially forced into the genes of an unrelated plant or animal.
The foreign genes may come from bacteria, viruses, insects, animals or even humans. Because this involves the transfer of genes, GMOs are also known as “transgenic” organisms.
This process may be called either Genetic Engineering (GE) or Genetic Modification (GM); they are one and the same
PPM (Parts Per Million)
A PPM is an abbreviation for parts per million, and it also can be expressed as milligrams per liter (mg/L). That means, we can say 1ppm or 1mg/L.
This measurement is the mass of a chemical element or compound per unit volume of solvent. That is why; Seeing the abbreviation parts per million or mg/L on an e-liquid ingredient concentration, base, way of preparation, or in a lab report means the same thing.
Finally, when it comes to Mathematics, a one part per million is equivalent to the absolute fractional amount of a particular substance multiplied by one million.
FEMA (The Flavor and Extract Manufacturers Association)
(FEMA) is the abbreviation of the Flavor and Extract Manufacturers Association of the United States. It was founded in 1909 by several flavor firms in the states. This is in response to the passage of the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906.
Since year 1959, FEMA has played instrumental roles in creating a program to assess the safety and “GRAS” (Generally Recognized As Safe) status of the flavoring ingredients. Also, this safety assessment is carried according to the Federal law governing the regulation of flavors and other food ingredients. As well as describing the Food Additives Amendments to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.
Since then, the FEMA GRAS™ program has become the longest-running and most widely recognized industry GRAS assessment program.
Ethyl-Maltol (2-Ethyl-3-hydroxy-4-pyranone OR 2-Ethyl-3-hydroxy-4H-pyran-4-one)
Ethyl-Maltol (CAS# 4940-11-8) is a flavor enhancer as well as flavoring agent, and sweetener. Also, it is different from Maltol, and is 4 to 6 times potent than Maltol.
Ethyl maltol belongs to the family of Pyranones and derivatives. These are compounds containing a pyran ring which bears a ketone in it’s structure.
This product is stable and non-reactive under normal conditions of use, storage and transport. Also, its is stable and no dangerous reaction known under normal conditions of use
Physical and Chemical Properties
- Molecular Mass: 140.15 g/mol
- State: Solid (Crystals)
- Melting Point: 90 – 91 °C
- Color: White
- Boiling Point: 290 °C
- Taste: Sweet
- Water Solubility: Insoluble
- Vapor Pressure: 0.1 mm Hg @20 °C
Basically, in order to prepare the ethyl maltol liquid concentrate for a later-on use with your DIY liquids, all you have to do is to prepare a 10% Ethyl Maltol PG solution. That is by adding 10 grams of EM to almost 90ml – (89-93ml) – of Propylene Glycol at 38-42 Celsius with contentions swirling so as to get a total volume of 100 ml EM liquid concentrate solution.
Thereafter, the right volume to use of your EM liquid concentrate in your DIY liquid depends on the fact whether you need it as a sweetener or as a flavor. For example, as a sweetener, we do not recommend using more than 8% of your total liquid, for the reason; you already have a sweet component in you e-liquid base, which is the VG.
On the other hand, when you use it as a single layer flavoring agent to produce a cotton candy flavored e-liquid, and based on your tasting preferences; you may go from 12% up to 18% of your total produced e-liquid volume. But, when used with multiple layers of flavoring agents, you may go from 5% up to 13% of your total produced DIY e-liquid.
Ethyl-Vanillin (3-Ethoxy-4-hydroxybenzaldehyde OR Bourbonal OR Ethylprotal)
Ethyl-Vanillin (CAS # 121-32-4) is a flavoring agent with flavoring power 2 to 4 times greater than vanillin.
It forms fine crystalline needles and is used in different food, pharmaceutical, and cosmetics’ industries. Also, it belongs to the family of Methoxyphenols and derivatives. These are compounds containing a methoxy group attached to the benzene ring of a phenol moiety.
Physical and Chemical Properties
- Molecular Mass: 166.176 g/mol
- State: Solid (Dry Powder)
- Melting Point: 76.7 °C
- BoilingPoint: 285 °C
- Color: White to slightly yellowish
- Taste: Sweet
- Water Solubility: slightly soluble
- Vapor Pressure: 1.04X10-5 mm Hg at 25 °C
It is worth mentioning that when using this compound in vaping liquid preparations, you can make your PG flavor concentrate as 8% solution. That is 80g Ethyl Vanillin in 1L PG. Then you can use 2.5ml from this 8% PG flavor concentrate to add up to other ingredients in forming a 100mL vaping e-liquid. This is based on the recommendation of using up to 200 ppm in the flavor liquid preparation, which means 200mg/L = 0.2g/L.
This is why, you should add a 2.5ml of your prepared 8% Ethyl-Vanillin PG flavor concentrate to a 100ml vaping liquid finished product; in order to go along with the recommended 200 ppm concentration.